rich emollient used in the management of eczema, psoriasis and other dry skin conditions.


You might think I’m crazy, suggesting you go and get an ultrasound before requesting a repeat prescription of your adrenaline auto-injector but it’s very important for women to understand something about adrenaline injectors. They are not all the same. Some have shorter needles and some women’s thighs have more fat on them than others.

Imagine if you were carrying around an injector which would never and could never work. How would you feel? It’s not good enough to just know how to use it, practice how it works and make sure you always carry an in date pen if it’s completely useless.

Why am I talking about adrenaline auto injector needle length?

If you follow me on twitter you cannot have failed to notice the tsunami of tweets from the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology (BSACI) conference which flowed while I was there. Search for #BSACI2015 and #BSACI. I learnt so much my brain is now full to bursting – look out for more blogs about what’s going on in the allergy and eczema world in the coming months.

The main reason for my attendance at the event was quite a serious one and a subject I feel very strongly about.

It’s nothing new either, which is why I am so angry because this could be a matter of life and death. If you are an adult woman who carries adrenaline or you have a daughter who does you should read this and act. If you have an EpiPen or Jext you should get an ultrasound soon, which I admit isn’t as easy as it should be but vital to determine whether the pen is suitable.

Needle length of adrenaline auto injectors is very important for women.

You can read about the adrenaline auto injector needle length debate here.

I spoke in a session organised by Bausch and Lomb who now own and manufacture the Emmerade auto injector. They held a special symposium about the needle length debate and asked me to speak which was both an honour, a privilege and terrifying all rolled into one.

Speaking at the symposium were:

  • Richard Pumphrey – about whether the needle length of adrenaline auto injectors would deliver a dose correctly.
  • Dr Rebecca Knibb on intuitiveness of adrenaline auto injectors.
  • Ruth Holroyd – what it’s like to have anaphylaxis and discover your adrenaline might not be working.

My reasons for requesting an Emerade are very close to my heart, having used an EpiPen and Jext before I had never ever felt a rush of adrenaline. Not from the pens anyway.

After my most recent anaphylactic attack (thankfully over a year ago now) it suddenly hit me.

Was I really getting any adrenaline into my body at all?

Or was I just assuming that because I am still here that it must have worked?
I have always needed more adrenaline from the paramedics and have then felt much better fairly quickly.

I later read about the needle debate from Michelle Berriedale-Johhson on the Foods Matter website and alarm bells began to ring very loudly.

Speaking to my doctor wasn’t much use. He just pinched my skinny thigh and told me I had nothing to worry about… he also told me on another occasion that I couldn’t possibly be allergic to nuts AND dairy! What was I? Greedy or something? In allergy speak I’m positively obese with allergies, having anaphylaxis to all nuts, dairy and soya and less dangerous delayed but still allergic reactions to a myriad other foods and contact allergens.

Well I pushed for an ultrasound, which I eventually got done privately at my local hospital; I went with a friend who also carries adrenaline for moral support. My thighs were shown as very borderline and when you add clothing to that, and the learnings from Richard Pumphrey’s study, I decided to play safe and get a pen with a longer needle. The jury is out as I haven’t needed to use this new pen yet… but I almost want to to see if I feel an instant rush of adrenaline.

When you study Richard Pumphrey’s findings there is definitely too much fat on my thighs for the normal 15mm needles to reach my muscle. Adrenaline must be delivered right into the muscle to be effective. Mine would have got to within a few mm of reaching the fascia so had I been carrying around a useless placebo all these years?

If nothing else the pens had given me peace of mind that I would have some line of defence should I have anaphylaxis. But that is not enough… when you know that your pen is useless, as mine was, you can’t just sit back and let others walk about with their placebo pens too.

How long till someone dies from anaphlaxis because the needle on their pen is too short? I don’t want to have that on my conscience.

If you are a doctor or prescribing chemist – can you honestly say you aren’t worried about this too?

Me at the BSACI talking about needle length of adrenaline auto-injectors

Me at the BSACI talking about needle length of adrenaline auto-injectors

Richard Pumphrey also showed that over 80% of women’s thighs had too much fat for a Jext or Epipen to be effective. This research was from a study looking at ultrasounds of women who were being prescribed adrenaline by Professor O’Hicky who ultrasounds all his women allergy patients. Thank you Professor Hickey!

What they have both proved is that BMI has nothing to do with it but being female most certainly does.

I’m fairly healthy size 10 (don’t put me to any tests, I haven’t been running for months) so my thighs are fairly lean. To look at me you might assume that any pen would work.

Not so, and not so for size 8 Poppy Harvey whose autopsy proved that her adrenaline injector had been ineffective at reaching the muscle. Could the right pen have saved her life?

Emerade is also much easier to use

The very lovely and beautiful Rebecca Knibb spoke second, about the ease of use of all the pens on the market. Emerade came out tops here too for intuitiveness and simplicity.

I can’t sit on my hands and not share this with you all again. I have written about it before but I have to start shouting.

If you are female and carry adrenaline please get your leg ultra-sounded to check you have the right pen and get am Emerade if you need one.

I am hoping that our message did get across at the BSACI. The room was packed with hundreds of people and standing room at the back so I do know what adrenaline feels like. I was shaking with fear and the adrenaline pumping around my body preparing me to run from that stage and escape was immense. It was a great experience though and probably my toughest speaking engagement yet and really experienced audience.

So my question to you today. All you women and daughters and aunties and friends. Are you doing to ignore this blog post or encourage your allergic friend, mother, daughter etc. to get checked out to make sure they pen will actually give them a fighting chance to beat anaphylaxis.

If you’re a doctor – what will you do next time you prescribe an adrenaline auto-injector?

Get an Emerade pen and get your thigh ultrasounded

All women should have an Emerade pen which has a longer needle which is 25mm compared to Jext and EpiPen which have a 15mm needle. If you can’t get an ultrasound or don’t want to pay, just request an Emerade pen today to be on the safe side. However some people may not even be suitable for an Emerade so if you are worried do get an ultrasound – it’s better to know and carry a surgical needle and adrenaline to inject. Even if you are too scared to inject a proper needle which needs the drug drawing into it and injecting correctly, at least you’ll have the proper drugs on you when you need them a paramedic or doctor could administer.

References and other blogs

I am not the only blogger concerned about this.
Read the Insect Stings Blog for another perspective of the worried adrenaline user.


The BSACI also hosts hundreds of posters which showcase various studies in the area of allergy and immunology. The Stevenage poster is also really important as it highlighted that children prescribed Epipen or Jext (irrespective of gender, weight/BMI or height), have only a 50:50 chance of getting an IM injection. The Worcester paper showed that only 1 in 10 adult women will get an IM dose….so this is all really worrying.

Rebecca Knibb – testing the intuitiveness and ease of use for adrenaline auto-injectors.
The deep fascia of the thigh forms an impenetrable barrier to fluid injected subcutaneously by autoinjectors. Pumphrey et al 2015



An allergy and health writer and freelance copywriter, Ruth is passionate about helping those with allergies and food intolerances take control, embrace their condition, and learn to live with and love who they are. It can be very lonely finding you have allergies and discovering what helps you can be a life long journey. What works for one person won't work for another, so after trying nearly every allergy treatment under the sun and finding hours of research necessary to keep abreast of what's going on, Ruth started writing her blog, What Allergy? in April 2009. Ruth has life threatening allergies herself to all nuts, all diary, tomatoes and celery and knows first-hand what it's like to have an anaphylactic attack. Voted in the Top 5 UK allergy blogs by Cision UK in 2011, What Allergy is packed full of interesting articles, hints and tips and product reviews which are a must read for anyone with allergies, food intolerances or sensitivities, asthma and eczema. From subjects such as "What is celery allergy?" to "Surviving a holiday abroad with allergies", it's packed with useful and interesting information. You can register free for a weekly newsletter by visiting her website and also keep in touch by following her on Facebook and Twitter.

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