Nasal sprays for asthma
Nasal sprays can be used in combination with other asthma medications to reduce inflammation in the lungs and help provide asthma relief. Although the delivery methods can vary, most nasal sprays work by instilling a fine mist into the nostril by way of a hand-operated pump mechanism.
Nasal sprays come in a variety of medicated and natural forms and the main ones are:
Antihistamine Nasal Sprays
Antihistamine sprays are only available on prescription and prevent the histamine your body produces from causing the allergic symptoms. They start to work within 30 minutes of using them but since they can react with other drugs it is important to speak with your doctor to find out if any drugs or conditions you may be taking would preclude you from using an antihistamine nasal spray.
Topical Decongestant Nasal Sprays
These can be purchased over the counter and work quickly to open up nasal passages by constricting blood vessels in the lining of the nose. Long term use of this type of nasal spray can make congestion worse and lead to serious side effects therefore they should only be used for temporary relief of a stuffy nose and sinus congestion. You can talk with your doctor for more information.
Corticosteroid Nasal Sprays
These types of nasal spray will reduce inflammation and histamine product in nasal passages which in turn will relieve nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, sinus pain and headaches. If they are used too often they can cause nose bleeds, nasal burning and overall irritation in the nasal cavities. They need to be used on a regular basis to be effective and tend to take several days to start working.
Natural Nasal Sprays
These are usually purchased over the counter and produce a mist of saline solution into the nasal passage which helps moisturise dry or irritated nostrils. They can also relieve nasal congestion and remove airborne irritants like pollen and dust which will provide sinus relief.
It is important that any of the above nasal sprays are not seen as a substitute to asthma medication and that they should be used in conjunction with your normal asthma treatments to help relieve asthma symptoms. Using a nasal spray should be discussed with your medical professional.
Information contained in this Articles page has been written by talkhealth based on available medical evidence. Our evidence-based articles are certified by the Information Standard and our sources are available on request. The content is not, though, written by medical professionals and should never be considered a substitute for medical advice. You should always seek medical advice before changing your treatment routine. talkhealth does not endorse any specific products, brands, or treatments.
Information written by the talkhealth team
Last revised: 6 December 2012
Next review: 13 December 2014