All you need to know about cystitis

Author: Cambridge Healthcare Supplies Ltd.

Date: Nov 2017

Effercitrate Tablets alleviate the symptoms of cystitis. They are a refreshing lemon and lime flavour effervescent tablet, and are available without prescription from your local pharmacy. (Always read the label)

WHAT IS CYSTITIS?

Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder usually caused by a bacterial infection. Irritation or damage to the bladder lining or urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body) from, for example, poor hygiene or friction during sexual intercourse, can lead to the development of infection.

WHAT ARE THE TYPICAL SYMPTOMS?

  • Burning pain when you pass urine.
  • Passing urine frequently or the urge to pass urine frequently.
  • You may also have pain in your lower tummy (abdomen).
  • Blood in your urine.
  • High temperature (fever).
  • Your urine may also become cloudy and may smell more or different than usual.

Most women will have cystitis at least once in their lifetime and around one in three women will have recurrent cystitis. It can occur at any age, but it is more common in:

  • Sexually active women.
  • Post-menopausal women (women who have been through the menopause).
  • Cystitis is more common in women, as women have a shorter urethra and the opening is located very close to the anus (bottom). This makes it easier for bacteria present in the large bowel to reach the bladder and cause an infection.
  • Men with the symptoms of cystitis should see their GP, to rule out any underlying issues such as enlarged prostate, bladder or kidney problems.

HOW IS CYSTITIS TREATED?

Effercitrate Tablets are a treatment for the symptoms of Cystitis and as an initial therapy in mild symptomatic Cystitis prior to an MSU (Midstream Specimen of Urine) result, and comes in the form of an effervescent tablet. When fully dissolved in water, the solution contains Potassium citrate and Citric acid. Potassium citrate makes the urine more alkaline, which helps soothe the bladder and urethra lining, helping to relieve the discomfort caused by the infection.

WHAT CAN HELP PREVENT RECURRENT CYSTITIS?

  • Always wipe your bottom from front to back when you go to the toilet.
  • Avoid perfumed or scented soaps, bath or shower products which can cause irritation.
  • Wear loose fitting trousers/clothing and cotton underwear, avoid tight jeans and synthetic materials such as nylon.
  • After passing urine, lean forward and then try to pass urine again. This ensures that your bladder is totally empty.
  • Staying well hydrated – drinking plenty of fluids may help flush out the bacteria in the bladder.
  • Always pass urine when you feel the need.
  • Emptying your bladder as soon as possible after sex.

CAN SEX CAUSE CYSTITIS?

Cystitis has been connected with an increase in sexual activity, which could be due to the introduction of bacteria in to the urinary tract or simply due to damage or bruising caused by engaging in vigorous sexual activity.

CAN CHANGES TO LIFESTYLE AND DIET HELP PREVENT RECURRENT CYSTITIS?

  • Reducing stress - anything that helps you relax, such as exercise or regular warm baths, may help reduce your symptoms.
  • Stopping smoking, the chemicals you breathe in while smoking may irritate the bladder.
  • Limiting your intake of caffeine and fizzy drinks can make your problems worse, cutting out this sort of drink may help you .
  • Alcohol drinks especially shorts can irritate the bladder too.

CAN CYSTITIS GO AWAY WITHOUT TREATMENT?

Cystitis can go away without treatment within a few days; however treatment may help to alleviate symptoms or can significantly reduce recovery time.

CAN CYSTITIS LEAD TO MORE SERIOUS CONDITIONS?

Occasionally cystitis can progress to infection of the kidneys, which will require treatment with antibiotics. Cystitis may also be confused with other conditions such as interstitial cystitis. If you are in any doubt, always consult your doctor.

For more information about Effercitrate Tablets and cystitis please visit www.effercitrate.co.uk

References
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Cystitis/pages/introduction.aspx
http://www.nhs.uk/Condtions/interstitial-cystitis/Pages/Introduction
https://patient.info/doctor/recurrent-urinary-tract-infection
https://www.bladderandbowel.org/conservative-treatment/diet-and-lifestyle-changes/

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Last revised: 9 November 2017

Next review: 9 May 2018