Medical News Today/fertility

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  • Sep 2018

    What to know about transvaginal ultrasounds

    A transvaginal ultrasound is an imaging scan that doctors use to examine the inside of a person’s pelvic region. By inserting a scope into the vaginal canal, the doctor can identify certain health issues. Here, we look at the uses of transvaginal ultrasounds, how to prepare for this procedure, and what to expect.

  • Sep 2018

    What causes an absence of menstruation?

    An absence of menstruation, also called amenorrhea, means either that a person has not started having periods by the age of 16 or that someone who has started menstruating has missed three periods in a row. In this article, learn about 13 causes of amenorrhea, possible additional symptoms, and when to see a doctor.

  • Sep 2018

    How to stop or speed up your period

    Periods often occur at inconvenient times, and people may sometimes want to speed up or stop their period once it has started. There is no foolproof way to do this, but certain methods may work for some people. Hormonal contraception allows people to plan when to have a period or stop their periods permanently.

  • Sep 2018

    What to know about Foley bulb induction

    A Foley bulb induction is when a doctor inserts a small balloon into the cervix to help it dilate faster. Foley bulb induction is one of many ways to induce labor. There are few side effects and the procedure is safe for most women. Learn more about the procedure, benefits, and risks.

  • Sep 2018

    What days can you get pregnant?

    Females are most fertile within a day or two of ovulation, which is known as the fertile window. Being able to calculate when the fertile window will occur may be helpful for couples trying to conceive, and for those who want to avoid pregnancy by using fertility awareness contraception. Learn more here.

  • Aug 2018

    What does the LH surge mean for pregnancy?

    The levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) rise just before ovulation, and the increase triggers the release of an egg from an ovary. Just after this LH surge, the most fertile period of the menstrual cycle occurs. Tracking LH levels can help to time intercourse and increase the chances of becoming pregnant.

  • Aug 2018

    Can I take Plan B on the pill?

    It is essential that people keep taking birth control pills even if they use the Plan B emergency contraception pill. This will help prevent unwanted pregnancy. There may be side effects of taking both pills due to the increase in hormones, but combining them will not impact on their effectiveness. Learn more here.

  • Aug 2018

    Mountain Dew does not kill sperm

    There is a persistent myth that the popular drink Mountain Dew kills sperm cells. Some people incorrectly think components of the drink, including caffeine and tartrazine, affect male fertility. This is not true. Learn more about what other factors to do with a person’s health might affect fertility here.

  • Aug 2018

    Briefs or boxer shorts? A new study settles the debate

    Which type of underwear is better for preserving men's fertility? The largest study to have ever investigated the matter now settles the dispute.

  • Aug 2018

    What to know about a chemical pregnancy

    A chemical pregnancy results in very early pregnancy loss, usually in the first few weeks. During a chemical pregnancy, hCG levels are elevated enough to produce a positive result on a pregnancy test, but they dip down again before a doctor can confirm the pregnancy. Learn more about the signs and symptoms here.

  • Aug 2018

    Ovarian torsion: Everything you need to know

    Ovarian torsion is when an ovary twists around its own ligaments. This can cause severe pain, nausea, and abdominal tenderness. People should seek urgent medical care for ovarian torsion, as the ovary tissue may die without prompt intervention. In this article, find out about the symptoms and risk factors.

  • Aug 2018

    What to know about vaginal steaming

    Vaginal steaming refers to exposing the vagina to steam to cleanse it and enhance its health. In addition to hot steam, some people put herbs in the water for added benefits. In this article, learn about whether vaginal steaming is safe and effective, as well as about the possible risks.

  • Jul 2018

    What are the miscarriage rates by week?

    Most pregnancies end with a healthy birth, even if the mother has a history of or has risk factors for a pregnancy loss. Miscarriage rates by week are averages and cannot take a woman's individual health or risk factors into account. The chance of a miscarriage is drastically reduced after the first trimester.

  • Jul 2018

    What to do about an evaporation line on a pregnancy test

    An evaporation line on a pregnancy test is a faint, non-colored line that may appear if a person uses the test incorrectly. In this article, learn to tell the difference between an evaporation line and a positive test result. We also describe how pregnancy tests work and how to prevent evaporation lines from appearing.

  • Jul 2018

    Is there a way to lose weight on birth control?

    Many women who use birth control believe that weight gain can be a side effect. While studies oppose weight gain related to birth control pills, some individuals report gaining weight after they start taking them. However, lifestyle changes can help weight control when a person is on birth control. Learn more here.

  • Jul 2018

    What are the symptoms of a polyp of the cervix?

    Cervical polyps are small growths on the cervix. They may cause symptoms that include spotting between periods or bleeding after sexual intercourse or menopause. Causes may include high estrogen levels or chronic inflammation. It is possible to remove polyps surgically, and they do not usually return. Learn more here.

  • Jul 2018

    How to switch birth control pills properly

    People can switch birth control pills with minimal issues by following a few simple guidelines. In this article, learn how to switch birth control pills and reduce the risk of unintended pregnancy. We also explain how birth control pills work and the possible side effects, such as spotting and tender breasts.

  • Jul 2018

    What's the link between birth control and headaches?

    Forms of hormonal birth control, such as contraceptive pills, can cause headaches and migraines in some people. In others, these contraceptives can improve headaches. A person who has a history of migraines with auras should avoid certain hormones. Learn more about the link between birth control and headaches here.

  • Jun 2018

    Why is a prolactin level test done?

    A prolactin level test is done to look for health conditions that relate to the hormone prolactin. Results may indicate pituitary disorders, hypothyroidism, kidney disease, or liver disease. Male and female fertility and milk production are also affected. Treatment for high levels includes medication. Learn more here.

  • Jun 2018

    Why do I have two periods in a month?

    While occasional changes in the menstrual cycle are not unusual, frequently experiencing two periods in a month may indicate an underlying medical issue. In this article, learn about the causes of a short menstrual cycle, including perimenopause, thyroid problems, and endometriosis. We also cover when to see a doctor.

  • Jun 2018

    What to know about cramps on birth control

    Doctors often prescribe birth control to help reduce cramps, so are cramps on birth control normal? Pelvic pain may be common as the body adjusts to hormonal medications, but these symptoms should lessen over time. In this article, learn about which birth control methods can cause cramps and how to relieve symptoms.

  • Jun 2018

    What are the first symptoms of ovarian cancer?

    Ovarian cancer is a condition that can be detected and treated, the key is knowing the symptoms. The earlier these are detected and diagnosed, the better the outcome is likely to be. Symptoms include bloating, pelvic pain, and painful sex. Learn more about early signs of ovarian cancer, and when to see a doctor, here.

  • Jun 2018

    How do birth control pills affect menopause?

    The use of birth control pills, or hormonal contraceptives, can mask some of the symptoms of menopause. This can make it difficult for a person to know if they are going through menopause. In this article, we answer some common questions about how birth control pills can affect the symptoms of menopause.

  • Jun 2018

    Chlamydia and erectile dysfunction: What's the link?

    Some people who have chlamydia also experience erectile dysfunction (ED), which involves problems getting or maintaining an erection. Chlamydia can infect the prostate gland, leading to prostatitis, pain, and ED. In this article, learn more about the link between this common infection and ED, and treatments for both.

  • Jun 2018

    What are the health benefits of shatavari?

    Shatavari, also called Asparagus racemosus, is a root used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. It is believed to boost female reproductive health, but what does the research say? Learn more about the uses, benefits, and side effects of shatavari here.