Oral health is one of the most common areas we have medical issues. Few of us haven’t had to have fillings and other dental treatments in our lives. Today we decided to look at a few of the most common dental problems and how to avoid them.

Young woman with perfect teeth and dental instruments

1. Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is the damage caused by acid-producing bacteria in your mouth. The resulting hole is called a cavity. If left untreated it can cause considerable pain and discomfort. The most common causes of tooth decay are poor oral hygiene routines and poor diets. If you want to avoid tooth decay then cut out sugary foods and drinks and make sure that you are keeping a regular tooth brushing and cleaning routine, using a fluoride toothpaste.

2. Bad Breath

Bad breath is one of the most unpleasant and common oral health problems. The most common cause of bad breath is poor oral hygiene, so again maintaining oral hygiene is of paramount importance. If you are suffering from bad breath cleaning of the tongue can have a big impact as part of a cleaning routine. Other potential causes of bad breath are dietary and lifestyle – eating strongly flavoured foods, drinking alcohol and coffee can all contribute to bad breath. In addition, untreated gum disease can be a cause of bad breath. In rare cases there can be underlying medical conditions causing bad breath – such as xerostomia.

3. Gum Disease

Gum disease is responsible for the majority of tooth loss in adults. Its symptoms include swollen gums and bleeding. It is caused by the build-up of plaque bacteria in pockets around the teeth. The bacteria produce toxins which, over time, break down the tissue and bone anchoring the teeth in place. The most common causes of gum disease are again, you’ll see a pattern emerging here, poor oral hygiene. However, there are a number of other potential contributors including smoking, diabetes, lowered immune system, malnutrition and stress. Dietary changes, proper oral care and stopping smoking can all lower your risks of gum disease.

4. Tooth Sensitivity

Many people have naturally sensitive teeth and can find eating particularly hot or cold food painful. Tooth sensitivity can also develop as a result of gum line recession or the enamel weakening on the tooth. If your teeth become sensitive then you will need to visit a dentist to check if any problems have arisen. Treatment options include desensitising toothpaste, adjusting brushing technique, gum reconstruction or fluoride treatments to strengthen teeth.

5. Crooked Teeth

An attractive smile can enhance one’s self esteem, which may help improve the quality of life itself. Properly aligned teeth are easier to brush and thus decrease the chances of developing tooth decay and gum disease. Straight teeth also help distribute the biting pressure over all your teeth, minimizing excessive stress on bones, roots, gum tissues and the jaw joints. Orthodontic treatment also has the potential to eliminate future dental problems including the problem of abnormal wear.

In all cases maintaining oral hygiene is of paramount importance. You should also regularly visit your dentist for checkups to identify any potential problems early and seek treatments.


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